Punjab History

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Punjab Travel Guide

Punjab History

The history of Punjab is rich with a long history as well as opulent cultural heritage.This region was invaded as well as ruled by several different races and empires.

This includes the Aryans, Greeks, Persians, Afghans, Egyptians and Mongols. History of any place brings out the depth of that place, its fitness to survive and the way it has come through these magnificent years and the reminiscences such as forts, tombs and monuments mark the significance of the history of a region.

The Punjab history has seen various ups and downs and this was the state that sacrificed many lives during freedom struggle.

The Punjab history revolves around the 15th century when Guru Nanak Dev established the Sikh religion that came to prominence and very shortly Punjab was reformed into a powerful and secular state by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

The history of Punjab saw the initiation of the British rule in the 19th century. This led the emergence of many heroic freedom fighters and in 1947; the British rule came to an end. This was the time when Punjab was split amid Pakistan and India.

Punjab is a land of epics and a very ancient civilization. Even today, you can see some places that signify this state has been around for many years and is a land of ancient civilization.Punjab is the cradle of the Indus valley and the excavations reveal evidences of Harappa and Mohenjadaro cities.

Mahabharata narrates about this rich land as being socially and culturally prolific.

Punjab history is interesting as it is believed that evidences of Ramayana are found near Amritsar and few great historical discoveries were unearthed.

The relics flash light on the culture. Later, another thousand years the history of Punjab is subjugated by the Aryans.

It is believed that Rig-Veda was written here.The Punjab location was frequently attacked by Persian rulers.

The Greeks were the rivals of Persians and this is the reason that Greek maps have the mention of the Punjab Rivers and its tributaries.

The Punjab history took a great change when Alexander of Greece crushed the Persians and ruled Punjab. He asked everyone to submit their authorities, all did it but for King Porus. This resulted in a big battle and King Porus won Punjab back by his talent of words.

In the second century BC, the white Huns established their rule and with the birth of Islam, Arabs advanced to this land of five rivers. Later the Sikhs ruled Punjab and many followed the teaching of Guru. The Gurus constructed the Golden temple in gold and after the death of these Gurus, the Sikh governors began fighting for supremacy and the British took over.

British successfully ruled Punjab for 200 years and after the Jalian Wala Bagh incident, in 1947, the history of Punjab took a freedom turn and was divided amidst Pakistan and India.

 

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